LIST OF STRUCTURES TO IDENTIFY IN THE UPPER LIMB AND BACK

These lists are included as a review of items that you should be able to identify on a drawing or a cadaver.

Bones

    Skull
  • External occipital protuberance
  • superior nuchal lines
    Vertebral column
  • cervical vertebrae
  • thoracic vertebrae
  • lumbar vertebrae
  • sacrum
  • coccyx
    Parts of a vertebra
  • spine
  • lamina
  • transverse process
  • pedicle
  • body
  • vertebral foramen
  • intervertebral foramen (notch)
    Pelvis
  • iliac crest
    Upper limb
      scapula
      • spine
      • acromion process
      • superior border
        • suprascapular notch
      • lateral (axillary) border
      • medial (vertebral) border
      • glenoid fossa
      • supraglenoid tubercle
      • infraglenoid tubercle
      • supraspinous fossa
      • infraspinous fossa
      • subscapular fossa
      • superior angle
      • inferior angle
      • coracoid process
        humerus
      • head
      • anatomical neck
      • greater tubercle
        • crest of greater tubercle
      • lesser tubercle
        • crest of lesser tubercle
      • intertubercular groove (sulcus)
      • shaft
      • medial epicondyle
      • lateral epicondyle
      • coronoid fossa
      • olecranon fossa
      • capitulum
      • trochlea
        radius
      • head
      • neck
      • radial tuberosity
      • styloid process
      • dorsal tubercle
        ulna
      • olecranon process
      • ulnar tuberosity
      • coronoid process
      • styloid process
        wrist (carpals)
      • scaphoid
      • lunate
      • triquetrum
      • pisiform
      • trapezium
      • trapezoid
      • capitate
      • hamate
        • hook
        palm of hand
      • metacarpals I, II, III, IV, V
        digits
      • proximal phalanges
      • middle phalanges
      • distal phalanges

Muscles

    superficial layer of back
  • trapezius
  • latissimus dorsi
  • rhomboid major
  • rhomboid minor
  • levator scapulae
    intermediate layer of back
  • serratus posterior superior
  • serratus posterior inferior
    deep layer of back
  • erector spinae
    • iliocostalis
    • longissimus
    • spinalis
  • splenius
    • capitis
    • cervicis
  • semispinalis
    • capitis
    • cervicis
  • interspinous
  • intertransverse
  • suboccipital
    • rectus capitis posterior minor
    • rectus capitis posterior major
    • superior oblique capitis
    • inferior oblique capitis
    pectoral muscles
  • pectoralis major
  • pectoralis minor
  • subclavius
    muscles of arm
  • anterior compartment
    • biceps brachii
      • long head
      • short head
    • coracobrachialis
    • brachialis
  • posterior compartment
    • triceps brachii
      • long head
      • medial head
      • lateral head
    muscles of forearm
  • anterior compartment
    • pronator teres
    • flexor carpi radialis
    • palmaris longus
    • flexor carpi ulnaris
    • flexor digitorum superficialis
    • flexor digitorum profundus
    • flexor pollicis longus
    • pronator quadratus
  • posterior compartment
    • brachioradialis
    • extensor carpi radialis longus
    • extensor carpi radialis brevis
    • extensor digitorum
    • extensor carpi ulnaris
    • anconeus
    • supinator
    • abductor pollicis longus
    • extensor pollicis brevis
    • extensor pollicis longus
    muscles of the hand
      thenar muscles
    • abductor pollicis brevis
    • flexor pollicis brevis
    • opponens pollicis
      hypothenar muscles
    • abductor digiti minimi
    • flexor digiti minimi
    • opponens digiti minimi
  • adductor pollicis
  • palmar interossei (I, II, III)
  • dorsal interossei (I, II, III, IV)

Arteries

  • transverse cervical
  • dorsal scapular
  • suprascapular
  • subclavian
  • axillary
    • First part
      • supreme (highest, superior) thoracic
    • Second part
      • thoracoacromial
      • lateral thoracic
    • Third part
      • subscapular
        • thoracodorsal
        • axillary circumflex
      • anterior humeral circumflex
      • posterior humeral circumflex
  • brachial
    • profunda brachii
    • superior ulnar collateral
    • inferior ulnar collateral
  • radial
    • radial recurrent
    • superficial branch
    • deep branch
      • deep palmar arterial arch
  • ulnar
    • anterior ulnar recurrent
    • posterior ulnar recurrent
    • common interosseous
    • superficial branch
      • superficial palmar arterial arch
    • deep branch

Nerves

  • spinal accessory (CN IX)
  • brachial plexus
      Roots
    • C5
    • C6
    • C7
    • C8
    • T1
      Trunks
    • upper
    • middle
    • lower
      Cords
    • lateral
      • lateral pectoral
      • lateral head of median
      • musculocutaneous
    • medial
      • medial pectoral
      • medial cutaneous of arm
      • medial cutaneous of forearm
      • medial head of median
      • ulnar
        • dorsal cutaneous branch
    • posterior
      • upper subscapular
      • thoracodorsal
      • lower subscapular
      • axillary
      • radial
        • superficial branch
      spinal nerve
    • dorsal root (sensory)
    • ventral root (motor)
    • spinal nerve (mixed)
    • dorsal primary ramus
    • ventral primary ramus
      • white communicating ramus
      • gray communicating ramus
      Spinal cord
    • dura mater
    • arachnoid mater
    • pia mater
    • conus medullaris
    • filum terminale
    • cauda equina

Veins

  • dorsal venous plexus of hand
  • cephalic
  • basilic
  • median cubital
  • axillary
  • subclavian

Lymphatics

    Axillary nodes
  • anterior (pectoral) nodes
  • posterior (subscapular) nodes
  • lateral nodes
  • central nodes
  • apical nodes


Home
Table of Contents for Upper Limb & Back
Head and Neck


cadaver